Sunday, 19 April 2009

Chronology of Abraham and his descendants

Abraham was born about 2000 years after creation, nearly 2000 years BC. He was the son of Terah, son of Nahor, son of Serug, son of Reu, son of Peleg, son of Eber, son of Salah, son of Arphaxad, son of Shem, son of Noah.

Here is a chronology of the events of his life followed by that of his son Isaac, Isaac's son Jacob, and Jacob's son Joseph. The age of the relevant patriarch is given until their death and then in italics for comparison.

Event Abraham Isaac Jacob Joseph
Abraham born 0


Sarah born 10


Reu dies 18


Serug dies 41


Terah dies. Abraham goes to Canaan
75


Abraham visits Egypt ?


Hagar conceives 85


Ishmael born 86


Arphaxad dies 88


God renames Abraham, Abraham and household circumcised. Sarah conceives
99


Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed 99


Isaac born 100 0

Isaac to be offered on Moriah ? ?

Salah dies 118 18

Sarah dies 137 37

Isaac marries Rebekah 140 40

Shem dies 150 50

Esau and Jacob born 160 60 0
Abraham dies 175 75 15
Eber dies 179 79 19
Esau marries Judith and Basemath 200 100 40
Ishmael dies 223 123 63
Jacob flees to Aram 237 137 77
Jacob's 1st year for Laban 238 138 78
Jacob's 7th year for Laban 244 144 84
Jacob marries Leah & Rachel 245 145 85
Jacob's 14th year for Laban. Joseph born. 251 151 91 0
Jacob's 20th year for Laban 257 157 97 6
Jacob returns to Canaan and meets Esau 258 158 98 7
Rachel dies ? ? ? ?
Joseph sold into slavery and goes to Egypt 268 168 108 17
Joseph interprets butler and baker's dreams in jail 279 179 119 28
Isaac dies 280 180 120 29
Joseph ruler 281 181 121 30
1st year of plenty 282 182 122 31
7th year of plenty 288 188 128 37
1st year of famine 289 189 129 38
2nd year of famine. Jacob goes to Egypt 290 190 130 39
7th year of famine 295 195 135 44
Jacob dies 307 207 147 56
Joseph dies 361 261 201 110

Points to note.
  • Most of Abraham's postdiluvian ancestors are alive during Abraham's lifetime: all from Shem bar Peleg and Nahor.
  • The Israelite sojourn in Egypt begins when Jacob shifts to Egypt age 130. Some argue for 430 years from then (Exo 12:40), though a better case can be made for the 430 years starting from Abraham's shift to Canaan.
  • Levi was the 3rd son of Leah and was probably born in the 11th year of Jacob working for Laban when Jacob was 88. This is helpful information as Levi age when he died was 137 (Exo 6:16).

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