Sunday, 3 March 2013

The deity of Christ in John

The Bible begins
In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)
John introduces his gospel in a similar manner
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1)
The Greek in John uses the same initial two words as the Septuagint.
  • ἐν ἀρχῇ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν οὐρανὸν καὶ τὴν γῆν (Gen 1:1)
  • ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος (John 1:1)
This allusion testifies to the divinity of Jesus. Beyond the connection of the "Word" with "God" in John, John links God as creator in Genesis with the Word as creator in his gospel. Genesis states that God is creator of the heavens and the earth, a merism for everything,
In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. (Genesis 1:1-2)
John tells us that the all things were made through the Word, and he emphasises this with the negative: there was nothing made without the Word,
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.
The first thing created within the new cosmos was light,
And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. (Genesis 1:3-5)
Still alluding to Genesis John informs us that just as light came into the world, the Word is light to mankind.
In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. (John 1:1-5)
John's use of Genesis makes it clear that the God who created the world is the Word.

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