Thursday, 21 May 2020

Kings of the divided kingdom

When Rehoboam became king of Israel the northern tribes rebelled and followed Jeroboam. The kingdom remained split. The northern kingdom was subsequently exiled to Assyria. The southern kingdom was exiled to Babylon about 150 years later.

The southern kingdom is referred to as Judah and it included the tribe of Benjamin and some of Levi. Through the book of Chronicles it is often referred to as Israel.

The northern kingdom incorporated the other tribes and was referred to as Israel or Ephraim after the largest tribe. Ephraim is a half tribe of Joseph.

# King of Judah King of Israel
1 Rehoboam Jeroboam
2 Abijah Nadab
3 Asa Baasha
4 Jehoshaphat Elah
5 Jehoram Zimri
6 Ahaziah Tibni/ Omri
7 Athaliah Omri
8 Joash Ahab
9 Amaziah Ahaziah
10 Azariah (Uzziah) Joram
11 Jotham Jehu
12 Ahaz Jehoahaz
13 Hezekiah Jehoash
14 Manasseh Jeroboam
15 Amon Zechariah
16 Josiah Shallum
17 Jehoahaz Menahem
18 Jehoiakim Pekahiah
19 Jehoiachin Pekah
20 Zedekiah Hoshea

The list above does note correspond chronologically between Judah and Israel.

Judah had 19 kings. They were all sons or relatives of the previous king. Athaliah the queen mother usurped the throne and declared herself queen.

Israel had 20 (or 19) kings. There were several different dynasties. Note that Tibni and Omri ruled different regions of Israel until Omri defeated Tibni.

Israel lasted ~250 years until exile, Judah lasted ~400 years.

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