Friday, 18 December 2009

Potential advent astronomical events

Below is a table of astronomical events that occurred near and up to 1 BC as seen from Jerusalem.

Dates are according to the Julian calendar.

Time is Jerusalem time. For universal time (UTC) subtract 2 hours. For Babylon time add 1 hour. Time is specified as such
  • Conjunction: time of closest approach.
  • Eclipse: time of central shadow.
Jerusalem is longitude 35°14' East

Date
Time
Sun
Moon
Planet
Star
Const*
Event
5 BC
Mar 23
20:21

Yes



Total lunar eclipse
Sep 15
22:12

Yes



Total lunar eclipse
4 BC
Mar 13
2:41

Yes



Partial lunar eclipse
3 BC
Feb 15
14:30
Yes
Yes



Partial solar eclipse

May 20†
0:47


Mercury Saturn


Conjunction: 40'
Jun 12
18:06


Venus Saturn


Conjunction: 7.2'

Aug 12
7:20


Venus Jupiter

Leo/ Cancer
Conjunction: 4.2'
Aug 31
23:03


Mercury Venus


Conjunction

Sep 8–10

Yes
Yes


Virgo
Sun and Moon in Virgo
Sep 11

Yes
Yes


Virgo
Sun in Virgo. New Moon at feet of Virgo

Sep 14
7:05


Jupiter
Regulus
Leo
Triple conjunction (1): 20'
Dec 1



Jupiter


Jupiter stationary

2 BC
Feb 17
17:15


Jupiter
Regulus
Leo
Triple conjunction (2): 51'
Mar 29



Jupiter


Jupiter stationary

May 8
18:10


Jupiter
Regulus
Leo
Triple conjunction (3): 43'

Jun 17
19:53


Venus Jupiter

Leo
Conjunction: 6". Close to Regulus. Full Moon
Jul 17
7:14

Yes



Partial lunar eclipse. Not visible from Jerusalem

Aug 26
17:15


Mars Jupiter

Leo
Conjunction. Venus and Mercury also massing with Mars and Jupiter
Dec 25–30

Yes

Jupiter

Virgo
Jupiter stationary. December 25 is solstice

1 BC
Jan 10†
1:09

Yes



Total lunar eclipse

Dec 29
14:31

Yes



Partial lunar eclipse. Only end of eclipse visible

*Const. = constellation.
†Date given based on time in Jerusalem. Times are usually given in UTC which for these events would be 1 day prior.

These dates were obtained from The Star that Astonished the World by Ernest Martin and NASA's lunar eclipse site.

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